Article: Helping Kids Deal With Discrimination


Watching a child deal with discrimination or lack of acceptance can be tough.

What is culture?

Culture is the accepted norms and practices of a particular group of people.

We often see a person’s cultural background through their language, race and ethnicity and how it is expressed through things like art, music, food, literature and style of clothing.

Other groups of people can have different aspects of their identity in common.  For example, it could be their gender, age, sexual preference, physical abilities or social status.

Cultural differences, including discrimination and racism, can impact your child’s wellbeing.  There are ways to help your child through it.

What does cultural discrimination look like?

The most common forms of cultural discrimination experienced by young people are:

Verbal and emotional abuse

Bullying and harassment

Physical abuse and violence

Racial remarks or being called insulting names

Being treated disrespectfully or unfairly by a teacher or other adult

Being treated disrespectfully or unfairly by peers

When your child faces discrimination

As a parent you can provide support to your child if they experience discrimination. You can also encourage acceptance of differences through your own actions.

Here are some ways to help your child:

  • Raise your child with pride in their own cultural background and identity
  • Encourage your child to be assertive when it’s safe to do so
  • Teach your child that discrimination is not okay and that it is against the law
  • Reassure them that they don’t have to deal with it alone and show that you are there to support them
  • Talk positively about other cultures or groups and teach them acceptance
  • Avoid retaliation or displays of aggression in front of your child
  • Talk with them about stereotypes and actively challenge these by focusing upon the individual
  • Expose your child to multicultural experiences and diverse friendships

What is the impact of cultural discrimination?

Discrimination is when a person is treated less favorably because of some aspect of their identity (eg. race, religion, gender). Discrimination can lead to:

  • Feelings of sadness and lack of trust
  • Isolation and exclusion
  • Depression and feeling suicidal
  • Anxiety and fear of being attacked verbally or physically
  • Inability to concentrate on study or at work
  • Post-traumatic stress and flashbacks
  • Anger and urges to retaliate
  • Reduced self-confidence, self-worth and impact on identity development

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